DB code: M00030

CATH domain 2.30.40.10 : Urease, subunit C; domain 1
3.20.20.140 : TIM Barrel Catalytic domain
2.10.150.10 : Urease, subunit B
3.30.280.10 : Urease; subunit A
E.C. 3.5.1.5
CSA 1kra
M-CSA 1kra
MACiE M0087

CATH domain Related DB codes (homologues)
2.10.150.10 : Urease, subunit B M00225 M00226
2.30.40.10 : Urease, subunit C; domain 1 D00673 D00675 D00801 D00873 M00225 M00226
3.20.20.140 : TIM Barrel S00231 S00232 M00186 D00673 D00675 D00801 D00873 M00225 M00226
3.30.280.10 : Urease; subunit A M00225 M00226

Uniprot Enzyme Name
UniprotKB Protein name Synonyms MEROPS Pfam RefSeq
P18314 Urease subunit alpha
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit alpha
M38.982 (Metallo)
PF01979 (Amidohydro_1)
PF00449 (Urease_alpha)
[Graphical View]
P41020 Urease subunit alpha
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit alpha
M38.982 (Metallo)
PF01979 (Amidohydro_1)
PF00449 (Urease_alpha)
[Graphical View]
P0A660 Urease subunit alpha
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit alpha
M38.982 (Metallo)
PF01979 (Amidohydro_1)
PF00449 (Urease_alpha)
[Graphical View]
NP_216366.1 (Protein)
NC_000962.3 (DNA/RNA sequence)
NP_336355.1 (Protein)
NC_002755.2 (DNA/RNA sequence)
YP_006515250.1 (Protein)
NC_018143.1 (DNA/RNA sequence)
YP_007610509.1 (Protein)
NC_020559.1 (DNA/RNA sequence)
P18315 Urease subunit beta
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit beta
M38.982 (Metallo)
PF00699 (Urease_beta)
[Graphical View]
P41021 Urease subunit beta
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit beta
PF00699 (Urease_beta)
[Graphical View]
P0A662 Urease subunit beta
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit beta
PF00699 (Urease_beta)
[Graphical View]
NP_216365.1 (Protein)
NC_000962.3 (DNA/RNA sequence)
NP_336354.1 (Protein)
NC_002755.2 (DNA/RNA sequence)
YP_006515249.1 (Protein)
NC_018143.1 (DNA/RNA sequence)
YP_007610508.1 (Protein)
NC_020559.1 (DNA/RNA sequence)
P18316 Urease subunit gamma
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit gamma
PF00547 (Urease_gamma)
[Graphical View]
P41022 Urease subunit gamma
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit gamma
PF00547 (Urease_gamma)
[Graphical View]
P0A676 Urease subunit gamma
EC 3.5.1.5
Urea amidohydrolase subunit gamma
PF00547 (Urease_gamma)
[Graphical View]
NP_216364.1 (Protein)
NC_000962.3 (DNA/RNA sequence)
NP_336353.1 (Protein)
NC_002755.2 (DNA/RNA sequence)
YP_006515248.1 (Protein)
NC_018143.1 (DNA/RNA sequence)
YP_007610507.1 (Protein)
NC_020559.1 (DNA/RNA sequence)

KEGG enzyme name
Urease
Urea amidohydrolase

UniprotKB: Accession Number Entry name Activity Subunit Subcellular location Cofactor
P18314 URE1_ENTAE Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. The apoenzyme interacts with an accessory complex composed of UreD, UreF and UreG, which is required for the assembly of the nickel containing metallocenter of UreC. The UreE protein may also play a direct role as a metallochaperone in nickel transfer to the urease apoprotein. Cytoplasm (By similarity). Binds 2 nickel ions per subunit.
P41020 URE1_BACPA Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. Cytoplasm (By similarity). Binds 2 nickel ions per subunit.
P0A660 URE1_MYCTU Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. Cytoplasm (By similarity). Binds 2 nickel ions per subunit.
P18315 URE2_ENTAE Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. The apoenzyme interacts with an accessory complex composed of UreD, UreF and UreG, which is required for the assembly of the nickel containing metallocenter of UreC. The UreE protein may also play a direct role as a metallochaperone in nickel transfer to the urease apoprotein. Cytoplasm (By similarity).
P41021 URE2_BACPA Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. Cytoplasm (By similarity).
P0A662 URE2_MYCTU Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. Cytoplasm (By similarity).
P18316 URE3_ENTAE Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. The apoenzyme interacts with an accessory complex composed of UreD, UreF and UreG, which is required for the assembly of the nickel containing metallocenter of UreC. The UreE protein may also play a direct role as a metallochaperone in nickel transfer to the urease apoprotein. Cytoplasm (By similarity).
P41022 URE3_BACPA Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. Cytoplasm (By similarity).
P0A676 URE3_MYCTU Urea + H(2)O = CO(2) + 2 NH(3). Heterotrimer of UreA (gamma), UreB (beta) and UreC (alpha) subunits. Three heterotrimers associate to form the active enzyme. Cytoplasm (By similarity).

KEGG Pathways
Map code Pathways E.C.
MAP00220 Urea cycle and metabolism of amino groups
MAP00230 Purine metabolism
MAP00791 Atrazine degradation

Compound table
Cofactors Substrates Products Intermediates
KEGG-id C00291 C00086 C00001 C00011 C00014 I00127 C01563
E.C.
Compound Nickel Urea H2O CO2 NH3 Diaminohydroxymethanolate Carbamate
Type heavy metal amide group,amine group H2O others amine group,organic ion
ChEBI 28112
16199
48376
15377
16526
16134
PubChem 935
1176
22247451
962
280
222
1a5kC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5lC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5mC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5nC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5oC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ef2A01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejrC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejsC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejtC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejuC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejvC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejwC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejxC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwaC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwbC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwcC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwdC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fweC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwfC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwgC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwhC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwiC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwjC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kauC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kraC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krbC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krcC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2kauC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3kauC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ie7C01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1s3tC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
4ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5kC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5lC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5mC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5nC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5oC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ef2A02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Analogue:2x_MN Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejrC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejsC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejtC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejuC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejvC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejwC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejxC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwaC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Intermediate-analogue:CO3
1fwbC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwcC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwdC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fweC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Intermediate-analogue:HAE
1fwfC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwgC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwhC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwiC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwjC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kauC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kraC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krbC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krcC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2kauC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3kauC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ie7C02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Transition-state-analogue:PO4 Unbound
1s3tC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Analogue:BO3 Bound:HOH_604 Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Transition-state-analogue:2PA Unbound
4ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Bound:2x_NI Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Intermediate-analogue:HAE
1a5kB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5lB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5mB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5nB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5oB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ef2B Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejrB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejsB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejtB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejuB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejvB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejwB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejxB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwaB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwbB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwcB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwdB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fweB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwfB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwgB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwhB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwiB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwjB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kauB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kraB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krbB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krcB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2kauB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3kauB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ie7B Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1s3tB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
4ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5kA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5lA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5mA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5nA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1a5oA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ef2C Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejrA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejsA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejtA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejuA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejvA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejwA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ejxA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwaA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwbA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwcA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwdA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fweA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwfA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwgA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwhA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwiA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1fwjA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kauA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1kraA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krbA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1krcA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2kauA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3kauA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ie7A Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1s3tA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
1ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
3ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
4ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2fvhA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2fvhB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound
2fvhC Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound Unbound

Reference for Active-site residues
resource references E.C.
Swiss-prot;P18314, P41020, P69996 & literature [17], [22], [31]

Active-site residues
PDB Catalytic residues Cofactor-binding residues Modified residues Main-chain involved in catalysis Comment
1a5kC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5lC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5mC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5nC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5oC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ef2A01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejrC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejsC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejtC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejuC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejvC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejwC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejxC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwaC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwbC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwcC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwdC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fweC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwfC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwgC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwhC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwiC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwjC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1kauC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1kraC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1krbC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1krcC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2kauC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
3kauC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ie7C01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1s3tC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
3ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
4ubpC01 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5kC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 ;HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) mutant K217E
1a5lC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221; ; ;HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) mutant K217C, C319A, invisible 309-338
1a5mC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 ;HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) mutant K217A
1a5nC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;;ARG 336 ;HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) mutant K217A, invisible 316-330
1a5oC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 ;HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) mutant K217C, C319A
1ef2A02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 1219;ASP 1221;HIS 1320;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS)
1ejrC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 1219; ; ;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant D1221A, invisible 1318-1330
1ejsC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain ;ASP 1221;HIS 1320;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H1219N
1ejtC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain ;ASP 1221;HIS 1320;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H1219Q
1ejuC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 1219;ASP 1221; ;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H1320N, invisible 1318-1330
1ejvC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 1219;ASP 1221; ;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H1320Q, invisible 1318-1330
1ejwC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 1219;ASP 1221;HIS 1320;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS)
1ejxC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 1219;ASP 1221; ;ARG 1336 KCX 1217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 1246;HIS 1272(Nickel-1);HIS 1134;HIS 1136;ASP 1360(Nickel-2) KCX 1217(Carbamylated LYS) invisible 1320-1329
1fwaC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319A
1fwbC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319A
1fwcC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319A
1fwdC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319A
1fweC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319A, invisible 318-331
1fwfC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319D, invisible 317-331
1fwgC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319S
1fwhC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant C319Y
1fwiC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1); ;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H134A, invisible 317-331
1fwjC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS)
1kauC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 LYS 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) CBX 217(Carbamylated LYS)
1kraC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 LYS 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2)
1krbC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain ;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H219A
1krcC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;;ARG 336 LYS 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) CO2 576(Carbamylated LYS) mutant H320A
2kauC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 KCX 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2) KCX 217(Carbamylated LYS)
3kauC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 219;ASP 221;HIS 320;ARG 336 LYS 217(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 246;HIS 272(Nickel-1);HIS 134;HIS 136;ASP 360(Nickel-2)
1ie7C02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 222;ASP 224;HIS 323;ARG 339 KCX 220(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 249;HIS 275(Nickel-1);HIS 137;HIS 139;ASP 363(Nickel-2) KCX 220(Carbamylated LYS)
1s3tC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 222;ASP 224;HIS 323;ARG 339 KCX 220(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 249;HIS 275(Nickel-1);HIS 137;HIS 139;ASP 363(Nickel-2) KCX 220(Carbamylated LYS)
1ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 222;ASP 224;HIS 323;ARG 339 KCX 220(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 249;HIS 275(Nickel-1);HIS 137;HIS 139;ASP 363(Nickel-2) KCX 220(Carbamylated LYS)
2ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 222;ASP 224;HIS 323;ARG 339 KCX 220(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 249;HIS 275(Nickel-1);HIS 137;HIS 139;ASP 363(Nickel-2) KCX 220(Carbamylated LYS)
3ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 222;ASP 224;HIS 323;ARG 339 KCX 220(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 249;HIS 275(Nickel-1);HIS 137;HIS 139;ASP 363(Nickel-2) KCX 220(Carbamylated LYS)
4ubpC02 Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain HIS 222;ASP 224;HIS 323;ARG 339 KCX 220(Nickel-1 & -2);HIS 249;HIS 275(Nickel-1);HIS 137;HIS 139;ASP 363(Nickel-2) KCX 220(Carbamylated LYS)
1a5kB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5lB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5mB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5nB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5oB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ef2B Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejrB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejsB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejtB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejuB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejvB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejwB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejxB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwaB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwbB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwcB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwdB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fweB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwfB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwgB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwhB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwiB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwjB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1kauB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1kraB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1krbB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1krcB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2kauB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
3kauB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ie7B Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1s3tB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
3ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
4ubpB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5kA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5lA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5mA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5nA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1a5oA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ef2C Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejrA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejsA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejtA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejuA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejvA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejwA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ejxA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwaA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwbA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwcA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwdA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fweA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwfA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwgA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwhA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwiA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1fwjA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1kauA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1kraA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1krbA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1krcA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2kauA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
3kauA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ie7A Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1s3tA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
1ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
3ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
4ubpA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2fvhA Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2fvhB Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain
2fvhC Pdbj logo s Rasmollogo id Rasmollogo chain Mmcif id Mmcif chain

References for Catalytic Mechanism
References Sections No. of steps in catalysis
[7]
figure, p.996
[12]
Figure 2, Figure 6, p.333-337
[17]
Figure 8, p.211-213
[19]
Figure 7, p.5394-5395
[20]
FIGURE 1, FIGURE 8, p.8583-8584
[22]
Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, p.796
[23]
[24]
Fig.6, p.787
[31]
Figure 3, Figure 7, Figure 8, Figure 10, p.15335-15337
[34]
Figure 13, p.6943
[35]
Figure 4, Figure 11, p.11842
[36]
Figure 4, Figure 5, Figure 6, Figure 13, Figure 16, Figure 18
[37]
Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3
[40]
Scheme 2, p.521

References
[1]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 1400317
Journal J Biol Chem
Year 1992
Volume 267
Pages 20024-7
Authors Martin PR, Hausinger RP
Title Site-directed mutagenesis of the active site cysteine in Klebsiella aerogenes urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[2]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 1404395
Journal J Mol Biol
Year 1992
Volume 227
Pages 934-7
Authors Jabri E, Lee MH, Hausinger RP, Karplus PA
Title Preliminary crystallographic studies of urease from jack bean and from Klebsiella aerogenes.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[3]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 8318888
Journal Protein Sci
Year 1993
Volume 2
Pages 1034-41
Authors Park IS, Hausinger RP
Title Site-directed mutagenesis of Klebsiella aerogenes urease: identification of histidine residues that appear to function in nickel ligation, substrate binding, and catalysis.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[4]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 7565414
Journal Microbiol Rev
Year 1995
Volume 59
Pages 451-80
Authors Mobley HL, Island MD, Hausinger RP
Title Molecular biology of microbial ureases.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[5]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 8535259
Journal Protein Sci
Year 1995
Volume 4
Pages 2234-6
Authors Moncrief MB, Hom LG, Jabri E, Karplus PA, Hausinger RP
Title Urease activity in the crystalline state.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[6]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.2 ANGSTROMS).
Medline ID 95273988
PubMed ID 7754395
Journal Science
Year 1995
Volume 268
Pages 998-1004
Authors Jabri E, Carr MB, Hausinger RP, Karplus PA
Title The crystal structure of urease from Klebsiella aerogenes.
Related PDB 1kau 2kau 3kau
Related UniProtKB P18314 P18315 P18316
[7]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 7754394
Journal Science
Year 1995
Volume 268
Pages 996-7
Authors Lippard SJ
Title At last--the crystal structure of urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[8]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.3 ANGSTROMS).
Medline ID 96346054
PubMed ID 8718850
Journal Biochemistry
Year 1996
Volume 35
Pages 10616-26
Authors Jabri E, Karplus PA
Title Structures of the Klebsiella aerogenes urease apoenzyme and two active-site mutants.
Related PDB 1kra 1krb 1krc
Related UniProtKB P18314 P18315 P18316
[9]
Resource
Comments X-ray crystallography
Medline ID
PubMed ID 8702515
Journal J Biol Chem
Year 1996
Volume 271
Pages 18632-7
Authors Park IS, Michel LO, Pearson MA, Jabri E, Karplus PA, Wang S, Dong J, Scott RA, Koehler BP, Johnson MK, Hausinger RP
Title Characterization of the mononickel metallocenter in H134A mutant urease.
Related PDB 1fwi
Related UniProtKB
[10]
Resource
Comments X-ray crystallography
Medline ID
PubMed ID 9201965
Journal Biochemistry
Year 1997
Volume 36
Pages 8164-72
Authors Pearson MA, Michel LO, Hausinger RP, Karplus PA
Title Structures of Cys319 variants and acetohydroxamate-inhibited Klebsiella aerogenes urease.
Related PDB 1fwa 1fwb 1fwc 1fwd 1fwe 1fwf 1fwg 1fwh 1fwj
Related UniProtKB
[11]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 9144792
Journal Proteins
Year 1997
Volume 28
Pages 72-82
Authors Holm L, Sander C
Title An evolutionary treasure: unification of a broad set of amidohydrolases related to urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[12]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID
Journal Acc Chem Res
Year 1997
Volume 30
Pages 330?7
Authors Karplus PA, Pearson MA, Hausinger RP
Title 70 Years of Crystalline Urease:? What Have We Learned?
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[13]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (1.85 ANGSTROMS).
Medline ID
PubMed ID 9761912
Journal Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr
Year 1998
Volume 54
Pages 409-12
Authors Benini S, Ciurli S, Rypniewski WR, Wilson KS, Mangani S
Title Crystallization and preliminary high-resolution X-ray diffraction analysis of native and beta-mercaptoethanol-inhibited urease from Bacillus pasteurii.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB P41020 P41021 P41022
[14]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.2 ANGSTROMS).
Medline ID 98226663
PubMed ID 9558361
Journal Biochemistry
Year 1998
Volume 37
Pages 6214-20
Authors Pearson MA, Schaller RA, Michel LO, Karplus PA, Hausinger RP
Title Chemical rescue of Klebsiella aerogenes urease variants lacking the carbamylated-lysine nickel ligand.
Related PDB 1a5k 1a5l 1a5m 1a5n 1a5o
Related UniProtKB P18314 P18315 P18316
[15]
Resource
Comments X-ray crystallography
Medline ID
PubMed ID
Journal J Biol Inorg Chem
Year 1998
Volume 3
Pages 268-73
Authors Benini S, Rypniewski WR, Wilson KS, Ciurli S, Mangani S
Title The complex of Bacillus pasteurii urease with beta-mercaptoethanol from X-ray data at 1.65-angstrom resolution.
Related PDB 1ubp
Related UniProtKB
[16]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.5 ANGSTROMS).
Medline ID
PubMed ID 10555581
Journal J Biol Inorg Chem
Year 1999
Volume 4
Pages 468-77
Authors Yamaguchi K, Cosper NJ, Stalhandske C, Scott RA, Pearson MA, Karplus PA, Hausinger RP
Title Characterization of metal-substituted Klebsiella aerogenes urease.
Related PDB 1ef2
Related UniProtKB P18314 P18315 P18316
[17]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (1.65 ANGSTROMS).
Medline ID 99148127
PubMed ID 10368287
Journal Structure Fold Des
Year 1999
Volume 7
Pages 205-16
Authors Benini S, Rypniewski WR, Wilson KS, Miletti S, Ciurli S, Mangani S
Title A new proposal for urease mechanism based on the crystal structures of the native and inhibited enzyme from Bacillus pasteurii: why urea hydrolysis costs two nickels.
Related PDB 2ubp 3ubp
Related UniProtKB P41020 P41021 P41022
[18]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11996109
Journal Acta Biochim Pol
Year 2000
Volume 47
Pages 1189-95
Authors Sirko A, Brodzik R
Title Plant ureases: roles and regulation.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[19]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 10820010
Journal Biochemistry
Year 2000
Volume 39
Pages 5389-96
Authors Todd MJ, Hausinger RP
Title Fluoride inhibition of Klebsiella aerogenes urease: mechanistic implications of a pseudo-uncompetitive, slow-binding inhibitor.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[20]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (1.6 ANGSTROMS), AND MUTAGENESIS OF HIS-219; ASP-221; HIS-320 AND ARG-336.
Medline ID
PubMed ID 10913264
Journal Biochemistry
Year 2000
Volume 39
Pages 8575-84
Authors Pearson MA, Park IS, Schaller RA, Michel LO, Karplus PA, Hausinger RP
Title Kinetic and structural characterization of urease active site variants.
Related PDB 1ejr 1ejs 1ejt 1eju 1ejv
Related UniProtKB P18314 P18315 P18316
[21]
Resource
Comments X-ray crystallography
Medline ID
PubMed ID 10766443
Journal J Biol Inorg Chem
Year 2000
Volume 5
Pages 110-8
Authors Benini S, Rypniewski WR, Wilson KS, Miletti S, Ciurli S, Mangani S
Title The complex of Bacillus pasteurii urease with acetohydroxamate anion from X-ray data at 1.55 A resolution.
Related PDB 4ubp
Related UniProtKB
[22]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 10798524
Journal J Biomol Struct Dyn
Year 2000
Volume 17
Pages 787-97
Authors Zimmer M
Title Molecular mechanics evaluation of the proposed mechanisms for the degradation of urea by urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[23]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Year 2000
Volume 122
Pages 9172-77
Authors Barrios AM, Lippard SJ
Title Interaction of Urea with a Hydroxide-Bridged Dinuclear Nickel Center:? An Alternative Model for the Mechanism of Urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[24]
Resource
Comments X-ray crystallography
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11713685
Journal J Biol Inorg Chem
Year 2001
Volume 6
Pages 778-90
Authors Benini S, Rypniewski WR, Wilson KS, Ciurli S, Mangani S
Title Structure-based rationalization of urease inhibition by phosphate: novel insights into the enzyme mechanism.
Related PDB 1ie7
Related UniProtKB
[25]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11315566
Journal J Biol Inorg Chem
Year 2001
Volume 6
Pages 300-14
Authors Musiani F, Arnofi E, Casadio R, Ciurli S
Title Structure-based computational study of the catalytic and inhibition mechanisms of urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[26]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11373609
Journal Nat Struct Biol
Year 2001
Volume 8
Pages 480-2
Authors Dunn BE, Grutter MG
Title Helicobacter pylori springs another surprise.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[27]
Resource
Comments X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (3.0 ANGSTROMS), AND SUBUNIT STRUCTURE.
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11373617
Journal Nat Struct Biol
Year 2001
Volume 8
Pages 505-9
Authors Ha NC, Oh ST, Sung JY, Cha KA, Lee MH, Oh BH
Title Supramolecular assembly and acid resistance of Helicobacter pylori urease.
Related PDB 1e9y 1e9z
Related UniProtKB P14916 P69996
[28]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11300826
Journal Inorg Chem
Year 2001
Volume 40
Pages 1250-5
Authors Barrios AM, Lippard SJ
Title Decomposition of alkyl-substituted urea molecules at a hydroxide-bridged dinickel center.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[29]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 11807281
Journal Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr
Year 2002
Volume 58
Pages 374-6
Authors Sheridan L, Wilmot CM, Cromie KD, van der Logt P, Phillips SE
Title Crystallization and preliminary X-ray structure determination of jack bean urease with a bound antibody fragment.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[30]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 12121941
Journal Antimicrob Agents Chemother
Year 2002
Volume 46
Pages 2613-8
Authors Mishra H, Parrill AL, Williamson JS
Title Three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship and comparative molecular field analysis of dipeptide hydroxamic acid Helicobacter pylori urease inhibitors.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[31]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 14664576
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Year 2003
Volume 125
Pages 15324-37
Authors Suarez D, Diaz N, Merz KM Jr
Title Ureases: quantum chemical calculations on cluster models.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[32]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 12913138
Journal Plant Physiol
Year 2003
Volume 132
Pages 1801-10
Authors Goldraij A, Beamer LJ, Polacco JC
Title Interallelic complementation at the ubiquitous urease coding locus of soybean.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[33]
Resource
Comments X-ray crystallography
Medline ID
PubMed ID 15038715
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Year 2004
Volume 126
Pages 3714-5
Authors Benini S, Rypniewski WR, Wilson KS, Mangani S, Ciurli S
Title Molecular details of urease inhibition by boric acid: insights into the catalytic mechanism.
Related PDB 1s3t
Related UniProtKB
[34]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 15174863
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Year 2004
Volume 126
Pages 6932-44
Authors Estiu G, Merz KM Jr
Title The hydrolysis of urea and the proficiency of urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[35]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 15382918
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Year 2004
Volume 126
Pages 11832-42
Authors Estiu G, Merz KM Jr
Title Enzymatic catalysis of urea decomposition: elimination or hydrolysis?
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[36]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 16584179
Journal Biochemistry
Year 2006
Volume 45
Pages 4429-43
Authors Estiu G, Merz KM Jr
Title Catalyzed decomposition of urea. Molecular dynamics simulations of the binding of urea to urease.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[37]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 17676790
Journal J Phys Chem B
Year 2007
Volume 111
Pages 10263-74
Authors Estiu G, Merz KM Jr
Title Competitive hydrolytic and elimination mechanisms in the urease catalyzed decomposition of urea.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB
[38]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 20471401
Journal J Mol Biol
Year 2010
Volume 400
Pages 274-83
Authors Balasubramanian A, Ponnuraj K
Title Crystal structure of the first plant urease from jack bean: 83 years of journey from its first crystal to molecular structure.
Related PDB 3la4
Related UniProtKB
[39]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 21788478
Journal Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Year 2011
Volume 108
Pages 13095-9
Authors Carter EL, Tronrud DE, Taber SR, Karplus PA, Hausinger RP
Title Iron-containing urease in a pathogenic bacterium.
Related PDB 3qga 3qgk
Related UniProtKB
[40]
Resource
Comments
Medline ID
PubMed ID 21542631
Journal Acc Chem Res
Year 2011
Volume 44
Pages 520-30
Authors Zambelli B, Musiani F, Benini S, Ciurli S
Title Chemistry of Ni2+ in urease: sensing, trafficking, and catalysis.
Related PDB
Related UniProtKB

Comments
There are several types of urease enzymes based on the composition of subunits. This enzyme is composed of three subunits, one of which has a catalytic domain.
According to the literature, at least three catalytic mechanisms have been reported. Two mechanisms for hydrolysis, which proceeds through a tetrahedral intermediate (diaminohydroxymethanolate) that gives finally carbamate and ammonia (see [12], [17] and [20]). One mechanism for elimination, which proceeds through an intermediate, cyanic acid (see [23] and [28]).
(i) Hydrolysis by a reverse protonation mechanism: Carbonyl oxygen of urea is bound to Nickel-1, whereas a hydrolytic water is bound to Nickel-2. The hydrolytic water makes a nucleophilic attack on the carbonyl carbon of urea, forming a tetrahedral intermediate (diaminohydroxymethanolate). His320 (PDB;1a5k) acts as a general acid to protonate a leaving amino group, although the residue has a low pKa. Thus, carbamate and an ammonia can be produced. (see [12], [14], [19] and [20])
(ii) Hydrolysis by nucleophilic attack of a bridging hydroxide: Carbonyl oxygen of urea is bound to Nickel-1, whereas an amine group is bound to Nickel-2. The bridging hydroxide between the two nickel ions acts as a nucleophile, which attacks on the carbonyl carbon, forming a tetrahedral intermediate. The Asp residue, which is bound to Nickel-2, transfers proton from the hydroxyl group of the intermediate to the leaving amine group. His320 may stabilize the intermediate, rather than acting as a general acid. (see [17], [24], [33] and [40])
(iii) Elimination through cyanic acid (see [23], [28], [35], [36] and [37])
Alghough these reported mechanisms lead to a debate, the hydrolysis mechanism by bridging hydroxide seems to be the most reasonable, from structural viewpoints.

Created Updated
2005-10-18 2012-03-23